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The China Exodus: Survey Shows Sourcing, Manufacturing Moving Out

The China Exodus: Survey Shows Sourcing, Manufacturing Moving Out

A Gartner Inc. survey of 260 global supply chain leaders in February and March 2020 found that 33 percent had moved sourcing and manufacturing activities out of China or plan to do so in the next two to three years. Survey results show that the COVID-19 pandemic is only one of several disruptions that have put global supply chains under pressure.

“Global supply chains were being disrupted long before COVID-19 emerged,” said Kamala Raman, senior director analyst with the Gartner Supply Chain Practice. “Already in 2018 and 2019, the U.S.-China trade war made supply chain leaders aware of the weaknesses of their globalized supply chains and question the logic of heavily outsourced, concentrated and interdependent networks. As a result, a new focus on network resilience and the idea of more regional manufacturing emerged. But this kind of change comes with a price tag.”

READ: Impact of COVID-19 On The Automotive Manufacturing Supply Chain

READ: Coronavirus Outbreak Reveals the Weakest Links In The Supply Chain

Tariff Costs are the Primary Reason to Move Supply Chains

For decades, China has been the go-to destination for high-quality, low-cost manufacturing, and it has established itself as a key source of supply for almost all major industries including retail and pharmaceutical. However, Gartner research showed that the margin between those companies planning to add jobs in China versus taking them away narrowed sharply in 2019. The primary reason is the increase in tariff costs.

“We have found that tariffs imposed by the U.S. and Chinese governments during the past years have increased supply chain costs by up to 10 percent for more than 40 percent of organizations. For just over one-quarter of respondents, the impact has been even higher,” Raman said. “Popular alternative locations are Vietnam, India, and Mexico.

The second main reason for moving sourcing and manufacturing out of China is that supply chain leaders want to make their networks more resilient.”

READ: Trade War Pushes Apple’s Manufacturing From China To Vietnam

READ: Taiwanese Companies Shift Production To Taoyuan As Trade War Heats Up

Balancing Efficiency and Resilience

Only 21 percent of survey respondents believe that they have a highly resilient network today—meaning that they have good visibility and the agility to shift sourcing, manufacturing and distribution activities around quickly. However, 55 percent expect to have a highly resilient network in the next two to three years—a reaction to disruptions such as Brexit, the trade war and COVID-19.

However, resilience has a price. Fifty-eight percent of respondents agree that more resilience also results in additional structural costs to the network.

“We are at a crossroads in the evaluation of global supply chains that pits just-in-time systems designed to improve operational efficiency against just-in-case plans that emphasize planning and preparing for a range of plausible scenarios,” Raman added. “To find balance, supply chain leaders must engage in risk management to assess their organization’s willingness to take risk onboard and decide how to quantify that risk against other network objectives such as cost effectiveness.”

Moving Closer to the Customer

One-quarter of survey respondents stated that they have already regionalised or localised manufacturing to be closer to demand. Despite the cost of adding more players to the ecosystem and increasing the overall network complexity, regional supply chains can ease delays and shortages in times of disruption—if the model is economically viable.

“Many Western organizations will have to explore new forms of automation on the factory floor to decrease the costs of near- or onshore production. Some also favour a partial option, such as manufacturing in Asia and moving only the final assembly closer to the customer,” Raman concluded.


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US Imposes 456 Percent Tariffs On Vietnam Steel

US Imposes 456 Percent Tariffs On Vietnam Steel

The US Department Of Commerce has imposed a tariff of up to 456 percent on steel products that are imported from Vietnam, which are manufactured using materials from South Korea and Taiwan. These steel products from South Korea or Taiwan are shipped to Vietnam for minor processing before being exported to US.

Vietnam has benefited from the US-China trade war as companies are shifting production to the country and rerouting goods to Vietnam to avoid tariffs. In fact, Vietnam exports to US has increased over 30 percent in the first five months of 2019 and US is the largest export market for Vietnam.

In light of this, Vietnam’s foreign ministry has urged Vietnamese manufacturers to use domestically sourced materials or materials manufactured in countries where no tariffs are imposed.



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IPhone Manufacturer Pegatron To Start Operations In Batam In April

iPhone Manufacturer Pegatron To Start Operations In Batam in April

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Foxconn Considers Operation In Vietnam Amidst US-China Trade Tensions

Foxconn Considers Operation In Vietnam Amidst US-China Trade Tensions

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Jack Ma’s Vision Of New Manufacturing – A Silver Lining To The US-China Trade War?

Jack Ma’s Vision Of New Manufacturing – A Silver Lining To The US-China Trade War?

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